Dandruff refers to the flaking scalp which falls like snow flakes and settles on one’s brows, shoulders and clothes, but assumes an unpleasant, irritating condition associated with bacteria, in the case of excessive formation of scales on the scalp. These scales are formed from the horny layer of the skin.

The scariness increases whenever the hair is brushed or rubbed. It may also appear as lumps or crusts on the scalp. Often there is itching as well and the scalp may become red from scratching.

The main causes of dandruff are the impairment of general health, a toxic condition of the system brought on by poor diet, constipation and lowered vitality due to an infectious diseases.

Other factors contributing to dandruff are emotional tension, harsh shampoos, exposure to cold and general exhaustion.