The gal-bladder is a
organ, 10 cm. long and three to five cm. wide, attached to the
of the liver on the right side. The main function of the gal-bladder is
to store the bile secreted by the liver. Bile is an excretion composed
mainly of bile salts and acids, color pigments and cholesterol. Bile
in the digestion and absorption of fats and the absorption of
vitamins A, D, E and K, minerals and calcium.
full and relaxed between meals. During the process of digestion, when
reaches the duodenum, the hormone cholecystokinin begins to be produced
in the internal mucosa. When this hormone reaches the gal-bladder
the bloodstream, it causes the gal-bladder to contract, thereby
the bile concentrate into the duodenum via a common duct.
The main problems
the gal-bladder are an inflammatory condition known as cholecystitis
gal-stones. Gal-stones are usually caused by disturbances in the
of the bile. A change in the ratio of cholesterol and bile salts may
in the formation of deposits. At the start, these may be in the form of
fine gravel. But these fine particles constitute the nucleus for
deposits, ultimately leading to the formation of larger stones. An
of the lining of the gal-bladder due to inflammation may also lead to
formation of particles.
The incidence of
is higher in females than males, particularly in those who are obese.
Indigestion, gas, a
of fullness after meals, constipation, nausea and disturbed vision are
the usual symptoms of gal-bladder disorders. Other symptoms are
to fats, dizziness, jaundice, anemia, acne and other lesions. Varicose
veins, hemorrhoids and breakdown of capillaries are also disorders
with gal-bladder troubles.
The main causes of
disorders are digestive disturbances due to a regular excessive intake
of fats and carbo-hydrates in the diet. They can also be brought on by
disturbances of the liver and gal-bladder. Meals rich in fats may cause
an attack of gal-bladder pain or gal-stone colic. Often the disorder is
caused by a diet rich in refined carbohydrates such as white flour and
white sugar. Poor health, hereditary factors, stress, spinal
bad posture and muscular tension may also cause gal-bladder disorders.
There are three
gal-stones, depending on the cause of their formation. These are:
stones caused by a change in the ratio of cholesterol to bile salts;
stones (composed of bile pigment) caused by the destruction of red
cells due to certain blood diseases, and mixed stones consisting of
of cholesterol, calcium and bile pigment (bilirubin) resulting from
of the bile flow.