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Artichokes are a large plant from the thistle family and has tough, petal shaped prickly leaves. The bulb of the plant has about 15-25 calories, zero fat, potassium, vitamin C, B, E and pro-vitamin A, folate, magnesium, manganese, copper, iron, zinc and calcium, dietary fiber, and high mineral and trace element content, chlorogenic acid , cynaroside. flavonoids, caffeoylquinic acids, caffeoylquinic acid derivatives, luteolin, scolymoside. 

It also contains 'Cynarine' and 'scolymoside' which have been shown to stimulate bile production and bile secretion and lower cholesterol. 

It also contains inulin, a carbohydrate that gives the artichoke its slightly sweet taste and used as a digestive aid and liver tonic to treat Jaundice.

It has been a traditional food where the bulbs have been eaten with main meals as a gourmet treat, a base topping for pizzas, used to make dips of a rich nutty flavor and also used in salads. 

Avoid eating if you are suffering from biliary obstruction since it increases bile and avoid if breastfeeding as it may hinder lactation. People with allergies to the compositae family should avoid eating it and it may increase flatulence.

Medical Uses
Cholesterol Reducer and Liver Damage Preventative: Eat 1 or 2 ripe raw fruit daily will help lower cholesterol levels and keep the liver healthy. 

Avocados are dense in potassium, folate, dietary fiber, vitamin C, vitamin E, riboflavin and vitamin B6, and cholesterol-free, sodium-free.

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