Symptoms of fractures can vary. They can be non-apparent or mild, with slight swelling, tenderness and mild aching, or severe, causing intense pain, discoloration, breakage of the surrounding skin, severe swelling, and throbbing pain, with possible bleeding from the surrounding ruptured tissues, as well as loss of normal movement.

Types: There are two main types of fractures, closed (broken pieces remain beneath the skin's surface with little surrounding tissue disruption or damage) and open (one or both of the bone ends break through the skin).

Fractures are also classified according to the type of break: simple (broken bone does not pierce the skin), compound (skin is pierced and exposed to organisms in the air), transverse (bone breaks all the way through), greenstick (only outer side of bone is broken and the break is not all the way through), and comminuted fracture (bone is shattered into smaller pieces).

Note: X-rays are required to verify whether or not a fracture occurred. In some cases, an MRI may also be necessary. If a fracture has occurred, a doctor needs to properly set it, after which rehabilitative exercise and manual therapy may be recommended.